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The Delivery of Speaking Tests in Traditional or Online Proctored Mode: A Comparability Study

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DOI: 10.23977/langta.2023.060101 | Downloads: 37 | Views: 742


Michael Milanovic 1, Tony Lee 1, David Coniam 1


1 Language Cert, London, UK

Corresponding Author

David Coniam


This paper investigates the comparability of test scores recorded for high-stakes English language Speaking Tests administered face-to-face in either a traditional centre-based mode (TM) or in an online proctored mode (OLP). The data comprise a large sample of test takers taking English language Speaking Tests at four CEFR (the 'Common European Framework of Reference for Languages') levels – B1 to C2 – via TM or OLP. The data were analysed using descriptive statistics, effect size differences and equivalence tests. While a degree of difference in scores obtained between modes was apparent at C2 level, the differences were not found to be statistically significant. The paper concludes that whether Speaking Tests are delivered in online proctored mode or in traditional face-to-face mode, test takers receive similar scores. The study confirms that mode of test delivery does not significantly affect test taker scores.


Test score comparability, English language, Speaking tests, CEFR, online proctoring


Michael Milanovic, Tony Lee, David Coniam, The Delivery of Speaking Tests in Traditional or Online Proctored Mode: A Comparability Study. Journal of Language Testing & Assessment (2023) Vol. 6: 1-10. DOI:


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