Open Access (OA) is a publishing model that provides immediate, worldwide, barrier-free access to the full text of research articles for the best interests of the scientific community. Any Open Access articles can be read, downloaded, and/or printed without requiring a subscription to the journal in which these articles are published. OA is also increasingly being provided to theses, scholarly monographs and book chapters. The purpose of the present page is 1) to provide an introduction to the term OA, 2) to list the advantage of OA, and 3) to suggest further readings about OA.
1. The Term Open Access (OA)
The term "open access" itself was first formulated in three public statements in the 2000s: the Budapest Open Access Initiative (February 2002), the Bethesda Statement on Open Access Publishing (June 2003), and the Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities (October 2003), and the initial concept of open access refers to an unrestricted online access to scholarly research primarily intended for scholarly journal articles.
The Budapest statement defined open access as follows:
The Bethesda and Berlin statements add that for a work to be open access, users must be able to "copy, use, distribute, transmit and display the work publicly and to make and distribute derivative works, in any digital medium for any responsible purpose, subject to proper attribution of authorship."
Clausius Scientific Press Inc. (CSP) has signed the declaration of the Budapest Open Access Initiative.
2. Advantage of OA
Once pay barriers and any kinds of tolls on information are eliminated, high quality information can be ensured for everyone. CSP aspires to be a service where copyright data created by the leading researchers in the world is accessible to anyone who needs it. Open Access allows us to make this possible. Any article that we publish is always online, and available to the world for free.
Advantages in term of the authors include:
- Improved visibility of the research article
- Increased impact of the paper
- Exposure to people who would otherwise have never discovered a certain paper
- Increased chances of your work being used to fuel someone else’s research
- Peer review ensures that you get great feedback and can polish your manuscript
- Complete copyright over material that you submit
- The community ensures that your copyright over your content is upheld
Advantages for the end user:
- Free and unlimited access to information that has been vetted by multiple experts
- Ability to copy, share and print this information freely
- The peer review structure ensures high standards of quality
- Permission to modify articles or produce derivative work at no extra cost
3. Further Readings about OA
- Suber, Peter (2012). Open access (The MIT Press Essential Knowledge Series ed.). Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press. ISBN 978-0-262-51763-8.
- Willinsky, John. The Access Principle: The Case for Open Access to Research and Scholarship (MIT Press, 2006)
- Kirsop, Barbara, and Leslie Chan. (2005) Transforming access to research literature for developing countries. Serials Reviews, 31(4): 246–255.
- Okerson A. & O'Donnell J. (1995) (Eds.) Scholarly Journals at the Crossroads; A Subversive Proposal for Electronic Publishing. Washington, DC: Association of Research Libraries.