The Enlightenment of social model of disability on the formulation of employment policy for the disabled----Take China's disabled employment policy as an example to analyse
DOI: 10.23977/aetp.2020.41018 | Downloads: 13 | Views: 962
Dingxuan Xiang 1
1 Leeds University Business School (LUBS), University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK
Corresponding AuthorDingxuan Xiang
This article introduced China’s leading employment policy for the disabled at first. And then, based on the analysis of the difference between the medical and social model of disability, the transformation from medical to social model of disability in legislation in US and UK were summarized, and the advantages of the social model of disability were admitted in guiding the employment legislation for the disabled. Furthermore, from the perspective of the social model of disability, this article summarized the problems behind the employment policy for the disabled in China and the according enlightenments were put forward. Firstly, China’s government should consider integrating social model in policy-making on the basis of its own situation. To be specific, the formulation of policies should not only focus on the injured individuals, but also pay more attention to the structural barriers in the society that the disabled have suffered. The new objective of those policies should aim at eliminating social oppression and discrimination that widely exist in the modern world. Secondly, China should further optimize the policies without the regulations for the reward or the punishment, so as to enhance the prestige of the policies. Finally, the enforcement mechanism should also be improved to a large extent, therefore truly contributing to the implement of employment policy for the disabled.
KEYWORDSdisabled people, social model of disability, employment policy for the disabled
CITE THIS PAPER
Dingxuan Xiang, The Enlightenment of social model of disability on the formulation of employment policy for the disabled----Take China's disabled employment policy as an example to analyse. Advances in Educational Technology and Psychology (2020) 4: 122-128. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.23977/aetp.2020.41018.
 Wang. (2011). Research on employment service policy for the disabled in China from the perspective of public policy. Yunnan University.
 China Disabled Persons’ Federation. Available from: http://www.cdpf.org.cn/
 Duckworth, S. (1996). Freeney, M. and Parkinson, M. Disability Matters: Managing Diversity at Work. London: Lemos & Crane.
 Riach K and Loretto W. (2009). Identity work and the ‘unemployed’ worker: age disability and lived experience of the older unemployed. Work, Employment and Society. 23(1):102–19.
 Woodhams, C. and Corby, S. (2003). Defining disability in theory and practice: a critique of the British Disability Discrimination Act 1995. Journal of Social Policy. 32(2), pp.159-178.
 Oliver M. (1990). The Politics of Disablement. London: Macmillan.
 Barnes, C. (2012). Re‐thinking disability, work and welfare. Sociology Compass. 6(6), pp.472-484.
 Oliver, M. (2004). The social model in action: If I had a hammer. Implementing the social model of disability. Theory and research, pp.18-31.
 Goss, D., Goss, F. and Adam-Smith, D. (2000). Disability and employment: a comparative critique of UK legislation. International Journal of Human Resource Management. 11(4), pp.807-821.
 Hoque, K., Bacon, N. and Parr, D. (2014). Employer disability practice in Britain: assessing the impact of the Positive About Disabled People ‘Two Ticks’ symbol. Work, employment and society. 28(3), pp.430-451.
 Foster, D. (2007). Legal obligation or personal lottery? Employee experiences of disability and the negotiation of adjustments in the public sector workplace. Work, Employment & Society 21(1): 67–84.
 West, J. (1994). Federal Implementation of the Americans with Disabilities Act, 1991-94. Milbank Memorial Fund, 1 East 75th Street, New York, New York 10021.