Education, Science, Technology, Innovation and Life
Open Access
Sign In

A Literature Review on Field Independence/Dependence in Second Language Acquisition

Download as PDF

DOI: 10.23977/aduhe.2021.030414 | Downloads: 17 | Views: 1016

Author(s)

Xiao Kunxue 1

Affiliation(s)

1 School of Foreign Languages and Literature, Chongqing University of Education, Chongqing 400065, China

Corresponding Author

Xiao Kunxue

ABSTRACT

Cognitive styles are consistent individual differences in the preferred ways of organizing and processing information. One dimension of cognitive style, which has attracted the most attention in Second Language Acquisition (SLA), is that of 'field independence' and 'field dependence'. Two methods of measuring field independence-dependence (FI/D) are Rod and Frame Test (RFT) and Embedded Figures Test (EFT). A number of studies have been conducted to clarify the relationship between FI/D and language test performance. However, interpretations of empirical research on the role of FI/D vary. This paper is a literature review that attempts to evaluate the significance of FI/D in SLA appropriately.

KEYWORDS

Field independence/dependence, Second language acquisition

CITE THIS PAPER

Xiao Kunxue, A Literature Review on Field Independence/Dependence in Second Language Acquisition. Adult and Higher Education (2021) 3: 87-91. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.23977/aduhe.2021.030414.

REFERENCES

[1] Abraham, R., & Vann, R. 1987. Strategies of two language learners: A case study. In A. Wenden & J. Rubin (eds.), Learner Strategies in Language Learning (pp. 85-102). Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice Hall.
[2] Bialystok, E., & FrÖhlich, M. 1978. Variables of classroom achievement in second language learning. The Modern Language Journal, 32, 327-336.
[3] Brown, H. D. 1987. Principles of Language Learning and Teaching (2nd ed.). Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey : Prentice Hall.
[4] Chapelle, C., & Roberts, C. 1986. Ambiguity tolerance and field independence as predictors of proficiency in English as a second language. Language learning, 36, 27-45.
[5] Day, R. 1984. Student participation in the ESL classroom or some imperfections in practice. Language Learning, 34(3), 69-102.
[6] D’Anglejan, A., & Renaud, C. 1985. Learner characteristics and second language acquisition: A multivariate study of adult immigrants and some thoughts on methodology. Language Learning, 35,1-19.
[7] Goodenough, D. R. 1986. History of the field dependence construct. In M. Bertini, L. Pizzamiglio,& S. Wapner(eds.), Field Dependence in Psychological Theory, Research, and Application- Two symposia in Memory of Herman
[8] Hansen, J., &Stansfield, C. 1981. The relationship of field dependent-independent cognitivestyle to foreign language achievement. Language Learning, 31, 349-367.
[9] Hansen, J. 1984. Field dependence-independence and language testing: evidence from six pacific island cultures. TESOL Quarterly, 18, 311-324.
[10] McDonough, Steven H. 1986. Psychology in Foreign Language Teaching, 2nd ed. London.
[11] Messick, S. 1976. Individualityin Learning. San Francisco:Jossey-Bass.
[12] Seliger, H. W. 1977. Does practice make perfect? : A study of interaction patterns and L2 competence. Language Learning, 27, 263-278.
[13] Stansfield, C., & Hansen, J. 1983. Field dependence-independence as a variable in second language cloze test performance. TESOL Quarterly, 17, 29-38.
[14] Witkin, H. A., Moore, C., Goodenough, D., & Cox, P. 1977. Field-dependent and field-dependent cognitive styles and their educational implications. Review of Educational Easearch, 47, 1-64.
[15] Witkin, H. A., & Berry, J. 1975. Psychological differenciation in cross-cultural perspective. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 6, 4-87.
[16] Witkin, H. a., & Goodenough, D. R. 1981. Cognitive styles: Essence and origins-Field dependence and field independence. Psychological Issues Monograph, 51.
[17] Witkin, H. A., Lewis, H., Hertzman, M., Machover, K., Meissner, P., & Wapner, S. 1954. Personality Through Perception. New York: Harper & Brothers.

All published work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright © 2016 - 2031 Clausius Scientific Press Inc. All Rights Reserved.