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The Limitation of the Impact of Bilingualism on the Acquisition of an Additional Language

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DOI: 10.23977/aduhe.2021.030304 | Downloads: 2 | Views: 738


Haishan Tian 1


1 E Plus Education, Chaoqing Campus, Beijing, 100123, China

Corresponding Author

Haishan Tian


The aim of Agustín-Llach’s study is to look into the impact of bilingualism on lexical knowledge, lexical cross-linguistic influence (CLI), and lexical fluency. In the research, there are 86 Spanish monolinguals and 87 Spanish–Basque bilinguals EFL learners were tested on lexical knowledge. This study shows that bilingual learners are slightly better at lexical knowledge than monolingual learners. He thought typological distance between Basque and English and the homogenization effect of schooling are thought to abandon the potential benefits of bilingualism. This research has a good experimental background and group, and has certain guiding significance for further study. But at the same time there are some limitations and unreasonable aspects. First of all, the study only involves lexical knowledge, and lacks other extensive studies such as pronunciation, grammar and language communicative competence. Secondly, the test method is too simple, which makes the topic of words output by students relatively simple and does not have enough academic value. Finally, there are only two cohorts of 17 to 18-year-old adolescents in the study. It needs to fully understand the characteristics and advantages of learners at different ages in the research. At the same time the factor of intercultural sensitivity should be involved in the test. Language learning is also inextricably linked to individual background, language study history, language study experience, motivation, emotion, etc. So sociolinguistics is also an integral part of additional language acquisition.


Sla, Bilingual, Monolingual, Impact, Communication, Grammar


Haishan Tian, The Limitation of the Impact of Bilingualism on the Acquisition of an Additional Language. Adult and Higher Education (2021) 3: 19-22. DOI:


[1] María del Pilar Agustín-Llach(2017).The impact of bilingualism on the acquisition of an additional language: Evidence from lexical knowledge, lexical fluency, and (lexical) cross-linguistic influence. International Journal of Bilingualism 2019, Vol. 23(5) 888–900.
[2] Palinkasevic, R. (2014). The influence of bilingualism on cognition and third language acquisition. ELTA Journal, 2(2), 82–93.
[3] Fessi, I. (2015). La adquisición de terceras lenguas: multilingüismo aditivo y substractivo. Dirāsāt Hispānicas, 2, 109–119.
[4] Gallardo del Puerto, F. (2007). Is L3 phonological competence affected by the learner's level of bilingualism? International Journal of Multilingualism, 4(1), 1–16.
[5] Hymes D. (1971). On Communicative Competence Pennsylvania University of Pennsylvania Press.

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