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The Theoretical Study on Bilateralism and Multilateralism of National Security Approach

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DOI: 10.23977/jsoce.2021.030824 | Downloads: 3 | Views: 761


Yao Qian 1


1 Shandong Jianzhu University Marxism College, Jinan, Shandong 25010, China

Corresponding Author

Yao Qian


The paper is written with the purpose of researching bilateral and multilateral national security approaches through digging in the theory of international relation. The contents would be related to some bilateral and multilateral national security policies states usually fashioned, and engaging in providing a theoretical platform for understanding some states’ behaviors in the international community.


Bilateralism, Multilateralism, Security policy, International relation


Yao Qian, The Theoretical Study on Bilateralism and Multilateralism of National Security Approach. Journal of Sociology and Ethnology (2021) 3: 133-135. DOI:


[1] John Ravenhill, "Bilateralism", in International Encyclopedia of Political Science. Available at <> (Online accessed 20 November 2020).
[2] Robert O. Keohane "Multilateralism: An Agenda for Research", International Journal, 45 (Autumn 1990), p. 731-746.
[3] T.J. Pempel, "Challenges to Bilateralism: Changing Foes, Capital Flows, and Complex Forums", Beyond Bilateralism: US-Japan Relations in the New Asia Pacific (Stanford University Press, 2004), p. 5
[4] William T Tow and Amitav Acharya, "Obstinate or obsolete? The US Alliance Structure in the Asia–Pacific", Australian National University Working Papers, December 2020, p. 4.
[5] Lindsay Powell, "In defense of Multilateralism", available at < > (accessed on 14 August 2020).
[6] Ibid.
[7] James A. Caporaso, "International relation theory and multilateralism: the search for foundations", International Organization, 46-3 (Summer 1992), p. 603.
[8] David H. Capie and Paul Evans, The Asia-Pacific Security Lexicon (Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, 2007), p.37.
[9] Tim Dunne, The Globalization of World Politics: An introduction to international relations, 3rd edition (New York: Oxford University Press, 2004), p. 189.
[10] Edward Newman, A Crisis of Global Institutions? Multilateralism and International Security, (New York: Routledge, 2007), p. 10.

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