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"Economic Burden" and "Parenting Experience": The Decision-making of Second Child Birth from the Perspectives of Actors and Observers

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DOI: 10.23977/pree.2024.050116 | Downloads: 3 | Views: 173


Hua Haiqing 1, Li Ningjing 1, He Jiaying 1


1 Department of Public Administration, China Jiliang University, Hangzhou, China

Corresponding Author

Hua Haiqing


The phenomenon of low fertility rates has drawn high attention from provincial and municipal governments. Zhejiang Province, as a demonstration province for the "two advances," adheres to the requirement of "solid actions, leading the way, and standing at the forefront," responding to the national call and actively addressing the situation of low fertility rates. However, despite the continuous relaxation of the fertility policy, its overall effectiveness remains minimal. This study focuses on two key issues: economic conditions and parenting experience, with parenting experience including family care and childcare services. By employing data processing software such as SPSS and STATA to analyze the panel data from the China General Social Survey (CGSS), the study investigates the impact of economic income, family care, and childcare services on the fertility intentions of working women regarding the second child. To explore this core issue, this project aims to complete the following three parts of research: ① "Second Child Birth Decision-making from the Observer's Perspective," where respondents act as scenario characters to make decisions regarding second child birth in specific situations. ② "Second Child Birth Decision-making from the Actor's Perspective," where respondents make decisions regarding second child birth based on their own circumstances.


Fertility Decision-making; Economic Conditions; Parenting Experience


Hua Haiqing, Li Ningjing, He Jiaying, "Economic Burden" and "Parenting Experience": The Decision-making of Second Child Birth from the Perspectives of Actors and Observers. Population, Resources & Environmental Economics (2024) Vol. 5: 119-128. DOI:


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