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Reflections on Nihilism—From the Perspective of Heidegger's Ontology to Psychoanalysis

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DOI: 10.23977/jsoce.2024.060214 | Downloads: 9 | Views: 142


Mei Yulong 1


1 School of Marxism, Hunan University of Science and Technology, Xiangtan, China

Corresponding Author

Mei Yulong


Starting from Heidegger's evaluation of Nietzsche's nihilism, this article examines the origins of nihilism in the thoughts of Schopenhauer and Nietzsche, and analyses Heidegger's refutation of Nietzsche's extreme nihilism. He aims to overcome or transcend nihilism through this refutation. However, it also raises the question of Heidegger's notion of "existence", and by combining it with Lacan's psychoanalytic theory, reveals an ultimate form of positive nihilism.


Nihilism; Heidegger; Nietzsche; Existence; Value


Mei Yulong, Reflections on Nihilism—From the Perspective of Heidegger's Ontology to Psychoanalysis. Journal of Sociology and Ethnology (2024) Vol. 6: 90-94. DOI:


[1] Heidegger, M., & von Herrmann, F. (1994). Holzwege. Frankfurt am Main: Klostermann.
[2] O' Connor, D. J. (ed.) (1964). A Critical history of Western philosophy. New York: Free Press.
[3] Nietzsche, F (2007). Thus Spoke Zarathustra (Qian Chunqi, trans.). Beijing: SDX Joint Press
[4] Freud, S., Freud, A., Strachey, J., & Strachey, A. (1978). The standard edition of the complete psychological works of Sigmund Freud. Repr. London: Hogarth press.

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