Education, Science, Technology, Innovation and Life
Open Access
Sign In

Closed Cell Aluminium Foams with Phase Change Material

Download as PDF

DOI: 10.23977/metf.2017.11003 | Downloads: 56 | Views: 5539


Jaroslav KOVÁČIK 1, Ján ŠPANIELKA 1, Tomáš DVORÁK 1, Peter Oslanec Jr. 1, Jaroslav JERZ 1


1 Institute of Materials and Machine Mechanics SAS, Dúbravská cesta 9, 845 13 Bratislava, Slovakia

Corresponding Author

Jaroslav KOVÁČIK


Closed cell aluminium foam samples and panels with phase change material (PCM) infiltrated in vacuum were investigated. The utilization of PCMs in larger volumes is strongly limited because of its low thermal conductivity in liquid state. However, porous structure of aluminium foam allows to absorb or to dissipate very homogenously latent heat at almost constant temperature if PCMs with phase change at the temperature range between 4°C and 28 °C are used inside of foam. Therefore the degree of filling of closed cell aluminium foams with PCM material was investigated. It was shown that it is possible to fill sufficient amount of pores with PCM. Further, aluminium foam panels with PCM were tested for heating/cooling applications in buildings. It was confirmed, that such foam panels provide an excellent alternative for large built-in ceiling radiators for efficient heating or cooling of rooms using low potential energy resources. These features of foam panels allow significantly reduce energy consumption of heating/air conditioning systems of future zero energy buildings.


Metallic foams, aluminium foams, phase change materials, zero energy buildings, heat dissipation.


Jaroslav KOVÁČIK, Ján ŠPANIELKA, Tomáš DVORÁK, Peter Oslanec Jr., Jaroslav JERZ. (2017) Closed Cell Aluminium Foams with Phase Change Material. Matallic foams (2017) Vol.1, Num. 1: 42-48.


[1] Jerz J., Simančík F., Orovčík L., Advanced solution for energy storage in net zero-energy buildings. In Mechanical Technologies and Structural Materials 2014. - Split: Croatian Society for Mechanical Technologies, (2014) 47-54.
[2] de Boer R., Smeding S., Zondag H. and Krol G., Development of a prototype system for seasonal solar heat storage using an open sorption process, In Eurotherm Seminar #99, Advances in Thermal Energy Storage, (2014), Lleida, Spain.
[3] Jerz J., Tobolka, P., Michenka, V. and Dvorák, T., Heat storage in future zero-energy buildings. In International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology, (2015), vol. 4, iss. 8, 6722-6728, DOI:10.15680/IJIRSET.2015.0408003.
[4] Jerz J., Simančík F., Kováčik, J., Oslanec, P., Sr., Energy demand reduction to ensure thermal comfort in buildings using aluminium foam. In Acta Metallurgica Slovaca, 2016, 22, č. 4, s. 271-275. ISSN 1338-1156.
[5] RUBITHERM PCM RT28HT Data sheet, Rubitherm Technologies GmbH, Berlin, Germany, 2014.
[6] C X Guo, X L Ma, L Yang, PCM/ graphite foam composite for thermal energy storage device, 2015 Global Conference on Polymer and Composite Materials (PCM 2015),  IOP Publishing, IOP Conf. Series: Materials Science and Engineering 87 (2015) 012014 doi:10.1088/1757-899X/87/1/012014.
[7] X. Yang, W. Wang, S. Feng, L. Jun, T.J. Lu, Y. Chai, Q. Zhang Thermal analysis of cold storage: the role of porous metal form, Energy Procedia, 88 (2016), pp. 566-573.
[8] C.Y. Zhao, W. Lu, Y. Tian, Heat transfer enhancement for thermal energy storage using metal foams embedded within phase change materials (PCMs)Sol Energy, 84 (2010), pp. 1402-1412.
[9] X. Xiao, P. Zhang, M. Li, Preparation and thermal characterization of paraffin/metal foam composite phase change material, Appl Energy, 112 (2013), pp. 1357-1366.
[10]S.S. Feng, Y. Zhang, M. Shi, T. Wen, T.J. Lu, Unidirectional freezing of phase change materials saturated in open-cell metal foams, Appl Therm Eng, 88 (2015), pp. 315-321.
[11] A. Siahpush, J. O’Brien, J. Crepeau, Phase change heat transfer enhancement using copper porous foam, J Heat Transf, 130 (2008), p. 082301
[12] E. Fleming, S.Y. Wen, L. Shi, A.K. Silva, Experimental and theoretical analysis of an aluminum foam enhanced phase change thermal storage unit, Int J Heat Mass Transf, 82 (2015), pp. 273-281.
[13] O. Mesalhy, K. Lafdi, A. Elgafy, K. Bowman, Numerical study for enhancing the thermal conductivity of phase change material (PCM) storage using high thermal conductivity porous matrix, Energy Conver Manag, 46 (2005), pp. 847-867.
[14] X.H. Yang, J.X. Bai, H.B. Yan, J.J. Kuang, T. Kim, T.J. Lu, An analytical unit cell model for the effective thermal conductivity of high porosity open-cell metal foams, Trans Porous Med, 102 (2014), pp. 403-426.
[15] Kováčik, J., Orovčík, Ľ., Jerz, J., High-temperature compression of closed cell aluminium foams. In Kovove Mater, 2016, Vol 54, No. 6, pp. 429-440. ISSN 0023-432X.
[16] Lazaro, J.; Solórzano, E.; Rodriguez Pérez, M.A.; Garcia-Moreno, F.: Pore connectivity of aluminium foams: effect of production parameters. Journal of Materials Science 50 (2015), p. 3149-3163.

Downloads: 275
Visits: 30470

Sponsors, Associates, and Links

All published work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright © 2016 - 2031 Clausius Scientific Press Inc. All Rights Reserved.