Analysis of Whether Hong Kong's Adoption of the Security Law will push China-Us relations into a new "Cold War" based on Structural Realism
DOI: 10.23977/polsr.2021.020106 | Downloads: 31 | Views: 1383
Yu Xiong 1
1 Department of Politics and International Relations, The University of Sheffield, Sheffield S10 2TN, United kingdom
Corresponding AuthorYu Xiong
The realisation and long-term impact of the security law of Hong Kong initiated by China represents a dynamic situation and this enforcement entails China’s perseverance of the current foreign relations with the West. Exploring into the concepts of neo-liberalism and idealism, a vivid picture of the political scenario of Hong Kong and whether the new ‘cold war’ situation is gradually erupting in connection with the straining relationship between China and the West can be explored. Here, the way new measures of the policy apparatus are conforming to the notions of idealism also formed a relevant area of the study. The Sino-American relations and how they are affecting the policy sector for Hong Kong remains a relevant area of study concerning the previously mentioned threat of another ‘cold war’. Considering the tension between the two powers can result in long-lasting changes in the international paradigm of foreign relations, especially concerning how these two countries are modelling their policies, various scholars have shown interest in conducting both theoretical and empirical studies and based on these, the aftermath of the Hong Kong security law can be clarified. With the application of Kenneth Walt’s structural realism or neo-liberalism theory as well as contrastingly applying the idealism theory, the findings of the study have been supported. While understanding the role of the political events leading up to the enforcement of the security law provides the study with factual bias, the implementation of these concepts results in better theoretical grounding of the study on the security of Hong Kong initiated by China and its impact.
KEYWORDSStructural Realism, Kenneth Walt, Hong Kong National Security Law, China-Us Relations
CITE THIS PAPER
Yu Xiong. Analysis of Whether Hong Kong's Adoption of the Security Law will push China-Us relations into a new "Cold War" based on Structural Realism. Journal of Political Science Research (2021) 2: 40-45. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.23977/polsr.2021.020106
 Acharya, A., 2019. From Heaven to Earth:‘Cultural Idealism’and ‘Moral Realism’as Chinese Contributions to Global International Relations. The Chinese Journal of International Politics, 12(4), pp.467-494.
 Chan, C. and De Londras, F. eds., 2020. China's National Security: Endangering Hong Kong's Rule of Law?. Bloomsbury Publishing.
 Chen, A.H. and Young, S.N., 2020. Liability for Imposing Sanctions Against the PRC or Hong Kong under Hong Kong’s National Security Law. University of Hong Kong Faculty of Law Research Paper Forthcoming.
 Gajaweera, C., 2020. The Free Speech of Hong Kong's National Security Law: An analysis from the perspective of John Stuart Mill’s four grounds of free speech.
 Heydarian Pashakhanlou, A., 2018. The Past, Present and Future of Realism.
 Hui, V.T.B., 2020. Beijing's Hard and Soft Repression in Hong Kong. Orbis, 64(2), pp.289-311.
 Kipgen, N., 2020. Hong Kong pushed to the edge with passage of security law.
 Mazis, I.T. and Troulis, M.I., 2019. Systemic Geopolitical Analysis and Structural Realism: Parallel routes and common challenges. IOSR Journal of Business and Management, 21(20), pp.1-6.
 Normile, D., 2020. New security law rattles Hong Kong universities.
 Singh, G., 2020, June. What does the National Security Law Mean for Hong Kong's Future?. Science Technology & Security Forum.
 Syed, I. and Ali, L.A., 2018. Systemic Theorizing: Traversing Between Constructivism and Structural Realism. Journal of Political Studies, 25(2), pp.55-67.
 Wohlforth, W.C. and Zubok, V.M., 2017. An abiding antagonism: realism, idealism and the mirage of western–Russian partnership after the Cold War. International Politics, 54(4), pp.405-419.
 YELLINEK, R. 2020, Why Did Beijing Decide to Apply the Security Law to Hong Kong Now?.